Today I’m going to explore some of the techniques you can use to create more powerful black and white photos in Lightroom Classic. Of course, it’s impossible to cover every aspect in a single article, but what I can do is help you master the two techniques that will make the biggest difference to your black and white conversions.
Why use Lightroom Classic for developing black and white photos?
The benefit of keeping your workflow within Lightroom is that it saves you a lot of hard drive space (as the only way to send a full-quality photo file to a plugin or to Photoshop is to convert it to a 16 bit TIFF).
As mentioned in the earlier lessons you may want to use a black and white plugin to develop your photos using tools that aren’t available in Lightroom. For example, many photographers use Silver Efex Pro 2 because they like its local adjustment tools and Structure sliders. But first, it’s a good idea to learn what you can do in Lightroom, so that you can compare it with what plugins do.
The tips in this lesson will help you do that.
Tip #1: Learn to use the B&W tab in Lightroom Classic
The B&W Panel gives you direct control over the way colors are translated into gray tones by Lightroom.
If you have Lightroom Classic CC 7.3 or newer then the B&W panel appears when you set Treatment to Black & White in the Basic panel.
In older versions of Lightroom it’s part of the HSL / Color / B&W panel.
Let’s take a closer look at what the sliders in the B&W panel are for. You may remember the photo of the old wooden boats from Lesson 2. I used Lightroom to make the boats lighter so that there was more contrast with the background.
This is what the photo looks like with Treatment set to Black & White and all the sliders zeroed. At this setting, Lightroom applies a straight black and white conversion. As you can see, the photo lacks contrast and the boats have a similar gray tone to the background.
This is what the photo looks like with some simple adjustments made using the sliders in the B&W panel.
Now Lightroom is interpreting the colors differently.
• The orange and yellow paintwork on the boats is light gray rather than mid-gray.
• The grass in the background is dark gray rather than mid-gray.
As you can see, it’s a dramatic difference.
The Targeted Adjustment Tool
I made the adjustments using the Targeted Adjustment Tool. To use it click on the target icon in the top left corner of the B&W panel.
Move the cursor over the part of the photo that you want to adjust. You’ll see a double triangle icon that indicates the TAT is in use.
Hold the left mouse button down and move the mouse downwards to make the tones under the cursor darker, or upwards to make them lighter. The relevant sliders in the B&W panel change value as you do so.
In this case I used the Targeted Adjustment Tool twice. Once on the boat’s paintwork, dragging up to make it lighter. Again on the grass in the background, dragging down to make them darker.
Here you can see the difference in the slider settings after making the adjustment.
What the Targeted Adjustment Tool does
The Targeted Adjustment Tool analyzes the colors under the cursor and then moves the sliders corresponding to those colors either left to make those tones darker or right to make them lighter. It normally needs to adjust at least two sliders to do it accurately.
You can also move the sliders individually yourself, but bear in mind it’s not as precise as using the Targeted Adjustment Tool.
You can apply this technique to nearly any black and white photo to add tonal contrast and make it more exciting.
Some more things you need to know about the B&W panel:
• Depending on which version of Lightroom you have, it may automatically adjust the Black & White Mix sliders to the settings it thinks will give you the best black and white conversion.
• You can also click the Auto button to see what settings Lightroom thinks is best for your photo.
• Always remember that the sliders always affect the underlying colors in the photo. If may help to see the colors in your photo so you can understand which tones are affected by which sliders. Use the V keyboard shortcut to see the photo in color, and press it again to return to black and white.
• The B&W panel is for subtle adjustments. If you move the sliders too far you’ll get strange effects like pixelation. If go past +30 or -30 you should always zoom into 100% and check that there’s nothing odd going on with the tones.
• If there are people in your photos pay attention to skin tones when adjusting the Red, Orange, or Yellow sliders. Again it’s a good idea to zoom into 100% to double-check everything’s okay.
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Tip #2: Elevate your black and white photos with local adjustments in Lightroom Classic
First, a couple of definitions.
Global adjustments: Any adjustments (to brightness, contrast etc.) that affect the entire image.
Local adjustments: Adjustments that affect only part of the photo.
The idea behind making local adjustments is that you can alter the brightness or contrast of certain areas in the frame to influence where the eye goes. This creates a better photo with a more structured composition.
It’s very rare that you’ll come across a black and white photo that can’t be improved using local adjustments. Lets look at a couple of examples so you can see how it works.
Example 1: A black and white portrait
For the first example I’m going to show you the portrait I used in Lesson 2.
Here’s what it looks like without any local adjustments. Once again, there’s a dramatic difference between the two versions.
Here’s a list of the local adjustments that I made.
• I used the Adjustment Brush to apply skin smoothing to the model’s skin and make the side facing the wall lighter.
• I used the Adjustment Brush to make part of the wall next to the model darker.
• I also used the Adjustment Brush to add Clarity to the sharp part of the wall to bring out the texture.
• I used a Graduated Filter to make the top-left part of the image darker.
Example 2: A black and white landscape photo
The second example is a landscape photo I made in northern Spain. Here’s the version with local adjustments.
Here’s the version without local adjustments.
Once again, there’s a big difference between the two photos. Here’s a list of the local adjustments I made.
• I used the Adjustment Brush to make the cliffs in the distance lighter and add Clarity to bring out their texture.
• I used a Graduated Filter to make the sky darker.
• I also used another Graduated Filter to make the foreground rocks darker.
In both examples, the local adjustments I made were fairly simple. For each photo I asked myself how I could emphasize interesting textures and enhance the tonal contrast of the photo. The answers to these questions helped me decide what local adjustments to make.